Vehicle types

In the spring of 2021, the Québec government announced that more than 100,000 electric vehicles were officially on the province’s roads.

This news shows that electromobility is very present in Québec, and above all, that it is here to stay! Electric vehicles are now available from several vehicle manufacturers, and we are seeing more and more of them on our roads. But how do you make sense of all the models available?

Electric vehicles can be grouped into two categories: all-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

All-electric vehicles

All-electric vehicles are equipped with an electric motor and a battery that is recharged with grid electricity. The all-electric vehicles available on the market have a range that meets more than the typical urban travel needs. They operate without emitting any greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Examples of models:

Plug-in hybrid vehicles

Plug-in hybrid vehicles are equipped with an electric motor and a gasoline engine that are combined depending on the vehicle's speed and acceleration.

Plug-in hybrid vehicles are different than hybrid vehicles because they have a battery that can store more electricity and be recharged from the electricity grid. This makes it possible for plug-in hybrids to go many kilometres without any gas.

Example of models:

What about hybrid vehicles?

Although they do not use an external source of electricity, hybrid vehicles remain an energy-efficient choice. They offer improved fuel efficiency and boast lower GHG emissions than a comparable conventional vehicle.

Hybrid vehicles are powered by an internal combustion engine, which uses gas or diesel, and an electric motor that runs on batteries that charge when the vehicle is used (notably with energy recovered from braking). The electric motor adds power to the internal combustion engine when accelerating, climbing, and passing, and the battery makes it possible to switch off the combustion engine when stopping at traffic lights.

The ZEV standard

The Zero-emission vehicles standard This link will open in a new window. came into force on January 11, 2018. The automakers subject to it must now accumulate credits by selling zero-emission or low-emission vehicles on the Québec market.